19 heartbreaking images in the wake of the untreatable Zika virus, which is causing one of the biggest public health crises in Brazil's history

February 09, 2018 lil teryan 0 Comments

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has urged pregnant women not to travel to countries that have reported cases of the Zika virus, an untreatable, mosquito-borne disease.

The Zika virus has recently been linked to a neurological disorder that causes babies to be born with small craniums and limited brain development, a condition called microcephaly.

In 2014, there were 146 cases of microcephaly in Brazil. In 2015, the rate of babies born with microcephaly grew to be 20 times the normal rate.

Since the outbreak of the Zika virus in April 2015, there have been close to 4,000 cases in newborn babies from women who were infected during their pregnancy. 

The Zika virus is transmitted through the Aedes aegypti mosquito, and the symptoms — which include a low-grade fever, small rashes, joint pains, and red eye — are relatively mild, which is why it did not cause much alarm when the outbreak started in Brazil early last year. 

Below are shocking images of the birth defect caused by the Zika virus.

As of right now, there's no treatment for the Zika virus, which is why the CDC is urging pregnant women to avoid traveling to countries where the virus is growing in strength. Labs are currently doing studies to find more answers.

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, carrier of the Zika virus, can be found in 23 countries in South America and Central America, as well as some parts of the US, such as Florida.

The outbreak started in Brazil. The country reported their first case of the Zika virus in April 2015 and have since reported the highest number of cases.

On Tuesday, January 26, Brazil started to spray insecticide around towns to kill off the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Soldiers and health agents are going to homes to do clean-up operations and check for the Aedes aegypti mosquito. On February 13, Brazil's government is planning to deploy 220,000 soldiers to spread awareness about the Zika virus and ways to prevent it.

The virus has shown up in the US, but only from travelers returning from the areas where the Zika virus has been reported. There has been one case in Hawaii, and two women tested positive for the virus in Illinois.

Some countries, such as Brazil and El Salvador, are recommending that women should avoid getting pregnant until a treatment is found.

Microcephaly, the neurological disease that has recently been linked with the Zika virus, can cause severe developmental issues and even result in death.

Since the outbreak in Brazil began, 46 babies have died from microcephaly linked with the virus.

The virus affects newborn babies when it passes through amniotic fluid in the womb while the babies are growing.

The Zika virus is primarily transmitted from the bite of a mosquito, but there have been reports of possible transmission through blood transfusion and sexual contact.

The outbreak in Brazil is said to be one of the biggest public health crises in Brazilian history.

Microcephaly is not just a small cranium — it is underdevelopment of the brain, making the body unable to function properly.

As children with microcephaly get older, in worst cases, they will be both mentally and physically handicapped.

Even the babies who are not as severely affected can suffer with psychomotor impairment, which can cause slow thought, speech, and movement.

Microcephaly can be diagnosed while the mother is still carrying the baby — during her second or third trimester — or after birth.

Since there is no treatment or vaccine yet, the only way to prevent the Zika virus is to avoid traveling to countries that are proven to have cases of the virus — such as Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico, and others.

If you are pregnant and have traveled to any of the countries affected by the Zika virus and you develop a rash, fever, joint pains, or pink within two weeks of or after travel, see your healthcare provider.

If you decide to travel to a country where the Zika virus is present, take strict precautions to avoid getting the mosquito bite, such as wearing repellent sun screen, long sleeves and pants thick enough to prevent a bite, and sleeping in air-conditioned rooms.

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